Description Postage and payments. For , the Beetle received a revised instrument panel, and a larger rectangular rear window replaced the previous oval design. In the late s consumers strongly preferred more modern cars such as the Mexican Chevy , the Nissan Tsuru , and the Volkswagen Pointer and Lupo. Throughout its production, VW marketed the Beetle with a four-speed manual transmission.
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The ventilation system was improved with the original dash-top vents augmented by a second pair aimed directly at the driver and passenger. For the first time the system was a flow-through design with crescent-shaped air exits fitted behind the rear quarter windows. Airflow could be increased via an optional 2-speed fan. The standard Beetle was now badged as the VW ; when equipped with the engine, it was badged S, to avoided confusion with the Type 3, which wore VW badges.
The new suspension layout allowed the spare tire to be positioned flat under the trunk floor. Although the car had to be lengthened slightly to accomplish this, it allowed a reduction in turning radius. To gain additional trunk volume, the under-dash panel [ clarification needed ] was lowered, allowing the fuel tank to be shifted rearward.
From the windscreen back the big Beetle was identical to its smaller progenitor, except for having the also new semi-trailing arm rear suspension as standard equipment. Both Beetles were available with or without the L Package. The convertible was now based on the body. While it lacked the front disc brakes that normally accompanied the larger motor, it was fitted with brake drums that were slightly larger than the standard Beetle.
With the Super Beetle being sold as the premium model in North America, the standard Beetle, while retaining the same cc engine, was stripped of many of its earlier features in order to reduce the selling price. An engine compartment socket for the proprietary VW Diagnosis system was also introduced. The rear luggage area was fitted with a folding parcel shelf.
A limited-edition Commemorative model was launched in celebration of the Beetle's passing the record of the Ford Model T as the world's most-produced automobile. In the engine bay, the oil-bath air cleaner gave way to a dry element filter, and the generator was replaced with an alternator.
The changes to the cowl and windshield resulted in slight redesign of the front hood. The instrument panel, formerly shared with the standard Beetle, was all-new and incorporated a raised speedometer pod, rocker-style switches and side-window defrosters. Front and rear deck lids were finished in matte black, as was all exterior trim with the exception of the chrome headlamp bezels. Inside were corduroy and leatherette high-bolstered sport seats and a small diameter three-spoke steering wheel with padded leather rim and a small red VW logo  on the bottom spoke.
In some markets, the sport wheels in both 4. On the Super Beetle, the steering knuckle, and consequently the lower attachment point of the strut, was redesigned to improve handling and stability in the event of a tire blowout.
A limited-edition Big Beetle was introduced based on the LS. Available in unique metallic paint colors, the car featured styled-steel 5. Both were finished in metallic gold and featured styled-steel 4. Inside were brown corduroy and leatherette seats, loop-pile carpet, and padded four-spoke deluxe steering wheel.
The Super Beetle Sun Bug included a sliding-steel sunroof. In , front turn indicators were moved from the top of the front fenders down into the bumper. At the rear, the license plate light housing was now molded of plastic with a ribbed top surface. To comply with tightening emission standards, the cc engine in Japanese and North American markets received Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, rather than the D-Jetronic system formerly used in the VW Type 3 and Type 4.
The injected engine received a new muffler and in California a catalytic converter. This necessitated a bulge in the rear apron under the rear bumper and replaced the distinctive twin "pea shooter" tailpipes with a single offset pipe, making injected models identifiable at a glance.
The received rack and pinion steering. Mid-year, the Love Bug was introduced for North America: A price leader, the Love Bug retailed for less than a standard Beetle. To make up for the loss in North American markets, the standard Beetle was upgraded, regaining some of the features that were removed in In addition, the 2-speed ventilation fan was included, previously available in North America only on the larger Beetle. The automatic stickshift option was discontinued as well. This was the final model year for the Beetle sedan in North America.
The convertible was offered in a "triple white" Champagne Edition in Alpine White with white top and interior with the padded deluxe steering wheel, tiger maple wood-grain dash trim and 4.
Approximately 1, Champagne Editions were produced. For , a new Champagne 2nd Edition convertible was launched, available in blue or red metallic paint with white leatherette interior. Features included the 4. Approximately 1, were produced. In , VW offered an Epilogue Edition of the convertible in triple black with features similar to the Champagne Edition. This would be the last year of convertible production worldwide as well as the final year for the Beetle in the USA and Canada.
Hitler saw the car in at an auto show. These small cars were designed according to the patents by Josef Ganz and featured transverse, two-stroke, two-cylinder engines mounted in front of the rear axle. In , Tatra built the V prototype, which had an air-cooled flat-twin engine mounted at the rear. Both Hitler and Porsche were influenced by the Tatras. It also featured a similar central structural tunnel found in the Beetle. Just before the start of the Second World War, Tatra had ten legal claims filed against VW for infringement of patents.
On Sept 28, , Roy Fedden, most known by his participation in the Bristol Single Sleeve valve engine research, headed by Harry Ricardo , applied for a British patent 'Improvements related to road vehicles', granted GB, July 24, , describing a 2-door, rear-engined car, identical in arrangement and look to VW 'Kafer'.
It has also been pointed out that the VW Beetle bears a striking resemblance to John Tjaarda 's design for a streamlined, rear-engined car, that he created working for Briggs Manufacturing Company. The vehicles were assembled in a former tram depot at Shelbourne Road in Ballsbridge. This is now the premises for Ballsbridge Motors which is still a Volkswagen dealer. The first Volkswagen ever assembled outside Germany was built here. Jack Gilder had been fascinated by both the design and engineering of the Beetle when he came across one in Belgium during the war.
The Type 1 was introduced to Japan in , and was imported by Yanase dealerships in Japan. Its exterior dimensions and engine displacement were in compliance with Japanese Government regulations , which helped sales.
Several Japanese vehicles were introduced after the Beetle was sold in Japan, using an air-cooled engine and rear mounting of the engine, such as the Subaru , or an engine installed in the front, like the Honda N , the Suzuki Fronte , and the Mitsubishi Minica. German production of the Beetle took place initially at the parent Wolfsburg plant until the Golf's introduction in , later expanding to the newer Emden and Hanover plants.
Volkswagen's takeover of Auto Union in saw 60, cars per year  being produced on the Audi assembly lines in Ingolstadt until The last German made cars were assembled at Emden in , after which the Puebla, Mexico plant became the principal source of Beetle production.
Other countries produced Beetles from CKD complete knockdown kits: Brazilian assembly of the Beetle, where it is called " Fusca ", started in , with parts imported from Germany. In production resumed and continued to The Brazilian version retained the —64 body style Europe and U. This body style was also produced in Mexico until The and s had the era taillights and headlights, fuel tank, but fitted with the up raised bumpers.
Brazilian CKD kits were shipped to Nigeria between and where Beetles were locally assembled. The Brazilian-produced versions have been sold in neighboring South American nations bordering Brazil, including Argentina, Uruguay, and Peru. The Brazilian Type 1s have four different engines: In Brazil, the Type 1 never received electronic fuel injection, instead retaining carburetors one or two one-barrels throughout its entire life, although the carburetion differs from engines of different years and specification.
The production of the air-cooled engine finally ended in , after more than 60 years. It was last used in the Brazilian version of the VW Bus, called the "Kombi", and was replaced by a 1. Volkswagen do Brasil engaged in some string pulling in the early sixties when a law requiring taxis to have four doors and five seats was being considered. After proving that the average taxi fare only carried 1. Mexican production began in because of agreements with companies such as Chrysler in Mexico and the Studebaker-Packard Corporation which assembled cars imported in CKD form.
In , they began to be locally produced. These models have the larger windshield, rear window, door and quarter glass starting in ; and the rear window from to German built models was used on the Mexican models from to , when it was replaced with the larger rear window used on and later German built Beetles.
This version, after the mids, saw little change with the incorporation of electronic ignition in , an anti-theft alarm system in , a catalytic converter in as required by law , as well as electronic Digifant fuel injection , hydraulic valve lifters, and a spin-on oil filter in The front turn signals were located in the bumper instead of the Beetle's traditional placement on top of the front fenders from the model year on, as they had been on German Beetles sold in Europe from onwards.
Starting in , the Mexican Beetle included front disc brakes, an alternator instead of a generator, and front automatic seat belts. During the model year, the chrome moldings disappeared leaving body colored bumpers and black moldings instead on some models. By the start of the model year, exterior chrome or matt moldings were dropped altogether and Volkswagen de Mexico VWdM dropped the Sedan's flow-through ventilation system with all its fittings, notably the exterior crescent-shaped vents behind the rear side windows the same year.
These two versions were sold until mid Independent importers continued to supply several major countries, including Germany, France, and the UK until the end of production in Devoted fans of the car even discovered a way to circumvent US safety regulations by placing more recently manufactured Mexican Beetles on the floorpans of earlier, US-registered cars.
The Mexican Beetle along with its Brazilian counterpart was on the US DOT's Department of Transportation hot list of grey market imports after as the vehicle did not meet safety regulations. Some of the Mexican Beetles have been registered in the United States since the NHTSA amendment granting the year cutoff where it and its Brazilian counterpart including the T2C can be legally registered in any of the 50 states this means a or earlier Mexican Beetle as of can be registered under the current NHTSA year cutoff exemption.
The end of production in Mexico can be attributed primarily to Mexican political measures: The last Vocho taxis in Mexico City were retired at the end of In the late s consumers strongly preferred more modern cars such as the Mexican Chevy , the Nissan Tsuru , and the Volkswagen Pointer and Lupo. However, demand for the Beetle was relatively high, especially in the s, with the workforce increasing at the start of the decade. The price of the base model without even a radio was pegged with the official minimum wage, by an agreement between the company and the government.
Official importation of the Volkswagen Beetle into Australia began in , with local assembly operations commencing the following year. Volkswagen Australia was formed in , and by locally produced body panels were being used for the first time. When the European Type One body received the larger windows for the model year, Volkswagen Australia decided not to update, but continued to produce the smaller-windowed bodies, with unique features to the Australian versions.
This was due to the limited size of the market and the costs involved in retooling. In , Volkswagen Australia released its own locally designed utilitarian version of the Type 1, the Volkswagen Country Buggy or Type The last Australian-assembled Beetle was produced in July with assembly of other models ending in February Several features from the Super Beetle were grafted onto the South African Beetle S, such as curved windshield, new dashboard, and larger taillights, while retaining the Beetle chassis and mechanicals.
The model was introduced to South Africa in ; it was marketed as the cheapest 1. In late , the sporty SP Beetle arrived — this version received bright red, yellow, or silver paint with black stripes, a front spoiler, wide tyres, and a more powerful engine with twin carburettors and a freer flowing exhaust.
Also new for were rubber bumper strips for all s, and the same taillights with backup lights were now fitted across the range. The bigger-engined model was then phased out around August , leaving only the model in production.
The Beetle has been modified for use in drag racing ;  its rearward RR layout weight distribution keeps the weight over the rear wheels, maximizing grip off the starting line.
The car's weight is reduced for a full competition drag Beetle, further improving the grip and also the power-to-weight ratio. To prevent this, "wheelie bars" were added. The Beetle is also used as the basis for the Formula Vee open-wheel racing category: In this configuration, FV would become one of the most popular entry-level motorsports classes of its time.
Volkswagen Beetle-style bodies are fitted to space frame racing chassis, and are used in the Uniroyal Fun Cup , which includes the longest continuous motor-race in the world, the 25 Hours of Spa.
It is an affordable entry-level series that gentleman drivers race. Especially the Austrian sole distributor Porsche Salzburg now Porsche Austria seriously entered the Volkswagen in local and European contests in the s and early s. Victories were achieved in on Elba for overall and class, Acropolis for class 5th overall , Austrian championship , January Rallye for overall and class. Rally of minutes for overall 2nd 1st in class.
The fuel crisis, along with the arrival of the Volkswagen Golf Rabbit , put an end to the days of unofficially supported rallying in All vehicles either used for training or actual racing were sold off to privateers, many kept racing with noticeable results until the early s. Beetles were used in the Trans-Am Series for the two-litre class from to and again in A Volkswagen won its class in the Armstrong in Australia in both and These can be seen in the documentary movie Dust to Glory.
The general concept is to take any Beetle, of any age or model from the 40s through to s, and with minimal restrictions, allowing parts from various years to be interchanged, and of course the cars being prepared to the MSA safety requirements cage, restraints, fire system etc.
Essentially the cars must be air-cooled Beetles any age and parts can be swapped between years and models , with a inch x 6-inch max wheel size with a control tyre. Engines must be based on a Type 1 case, with no electronic fuel injection or ignition and no forced induction, with an unlimited capacity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. For the — car, see Volkswagen New Beetle. For the car produced from , see Volkswagen Beetle A5.
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